How To Become An Engineer In India and Different Types of Engineering Degrees

In childhood every child wants to become Sachin Tendulkar and not Steve jobs. And from class 1st to 10th journey is almost tension free, but as 10th class exam is over everyone around us starts asking about future plans. And at time no one is ready with the answers. Some of them choose Science, Commerce or arts. Some say they will become doctors or engineers. Some of them choose I.T as a profession. Talking about I.T (Information Technology) it is a vast field.

What is B.Sc. I.T?
B.Sc. I.T is an undergraduate degree course. One can pursue this course after 12th science or commerce. So even if you are a commerce student you can jump into I.T field very easily. There are many perks of this course. There is no entrance examination for this course. As the name suggests, this program revolves around the field of Information Technology. B.Sc. IT course, on many fronts, is similar to IT engineering program also!

Basically, Information Technology, and thus B.Sc. IT, is all about storing, processing, securing and managing Information. Information Databases, Networks, software development & testing and programming etc. are some of the very important topics that one will come across in this B.Sc. program.
B.Sc. IT program will train you in different areas of Information Technology. As I mentioned before, IT sector revolves around main aspects such as – networks, OS, relevant software, database management, data sets, hardware, programming, information security etc. B.Sc. IT curriculum covers these subjects/topics.

Skilled IT professionals are in huge demand these days. IT sector has applications in different domains. Some such domains include – banking, E-Commerce, entertainment, governance, healthcare, business etc. In short, IT systems play an important role in our day to day lives.

What is BCA?
Bachelor in Computer Application (BCA) is an undergraduate degree course in computer applications similar to BSc I.T. With the rapid growth of IT industry in India, the demand of computer professional is increasing day by day. This increasing growth of IT industry has created a lot of opportunities for the computer graduates.

Bachelor in Computer Application (BCA) is one of the popular courses among the students who want to make their career in the IT (Information Technology) field. The duration of the course is 3 years and divided into 6 semesters. It comprises of the subjects like database, networking, data structure, core programming languages like ‘C’ and ‘java’. This course provides a lot of opportunities to the students who are interested in computer field and wants to work in the IT sector as programmer or software developer.

The study period of BCA includes various subjects such as Programming in C Language (Basic and Advanced), Networking, World-Wide-Web, Data Structure, Advanced C Language Programming, Database Management, Mathematics, Software Engineering, Object Oriented Programming using C++, Visual Basic, Programming using PHP, JAVA, Oracle, Operating Systems, Web Scripting and Development, etc.
The course curriculum of BCA is somewhat similar to the course as Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech).

There is a huge scope in the field of BCA. One can do job or can go for higher studies after the completion of course. Self-employment option is also available. You can do freelancing or develop your own software if you have that many skills. There are many software MNCs (Multi-National Companies) which provide job to the BCA graduates.

To the add-ons there is one more course related to I.T i.e. IT Engineering.

Now what is IT engineering?
Actually IT engineering remains mystery to many. It’s like a wizard behind the screen who makes sure computer works smoothly. Firstly, IT engineers may either specialize in software development or computer hardware engineering. The first includes computer programming and smartphone apps, and the latter – designing physical products.

This is important to keep in mind. Online outsourcing is a rising trend, so if you’d like to turn freelance or work for an international company, the job might prove a good match. Hardware engineering is another matter entirely, and especially in large companies.

Finally, there are network engineers. They work with computer networks – intranets and extranets, and typically need to be familiar with different network types (LANs, WANs, WLANs, VoIP, etc.).

Beside I.T field, there are different types of engineering evolving rapidly and also have scope in long runs of life.

Mechanical Engineering Degree

A Mechanical Engineering Degree involves the design of mechanical systems. These systems assist industries such as: manufacturing, aeronautics, nanotechnology, nuclear power production, heating and cooling. A primary focus is on thermodynamics, structural analysis, materials science, and kinematics. This is arguably the broadest of all engineering degrees available today and takes in a wide range of engineering disciplines. The Mechanical Engineering Degree has a number of subsets that intermix with electronics and electrical engineering, such as Mechatronics.

Aerospace Engineering Degree

An Aerospace Engineering Degree involves the study of air and space travel. This might include military aircraft design and development, along with commercial airline design and satellite technology. The terms Aerospace and Aeronautical are both often used interchangeably, yet there are key differences between the two. Aeronautical Engineering relates to craft that remain in our atmosphere, while Aerospace Engineering refers to aircraft that venture outside our atmosphere. Most programs in the United States have changed their names from Aeronautical to Aerospace over the past couple decades, but there are still some programs that go by the historical name.

Automotive Engineering Degree
As the name implies, automotive engineering involves the design and production of vehicles. The automotive industry is hugely diverse and requires engineers to work in areas such as mechanical design, performance, manufacturing, electrical engineering and systems management.

Civil Engineering Degree

Civil Engineering involves the development of infrastructure such as buildings, railways, roads construction, bridges and general construction project management. Civil Engineers also play an important role in rebuilding projects, such as in the event of a natural disaster. Civil Engineers may work in the private or public sector at any level. This is a very broad engineering degree. Environmental Engineering, Structural Engineering and Marine Engineering are all specialties of Civil Engineering

Architectural Engineering Degree

Architectural engineers work in the construction, planning, and design phase of projects. In conjunction with other team members, the focus is on building structure and interior design. This includes: Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, Electrical, Fire protection, Lighting, Plumbing and other systems specific to the project. In some areas natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes have special consideration.

Electrical Engineering Degree

An Electrical Engineering Degree involves the study of energy. Energy is available in various forms such as electrical, hydro and natural sources such as wind and solar energy. An Engineer develops technologies to assist with the practical application of such energies. Electrical Engineers design components for electronic equipment, communications systems, power grids, automobiles, and more. Most employers require an Electrical Engineering Degree at some level to work as an Electrical Engineer, and other licensing or certification requirements may also be required depending on where you live.

Electronics Engineering Degree

Technology and specifically, electronics, have changed the way most of the world lives every day. From the revolutionary computer to the latest mobile phone technology that fits in your pocket, we all use electronics every single day. Electronics engineers are needed to design and build electronic equipment. Most electronics engineers work with circuits, switchboards, and other electronic configurations to design and build these devices.

Chemical Engineering Degree

As the name implies, Chemical Engineering is the practical application of chemistry. This type of engineering degree involves technology that utilizes chemical reactions to solve problems. A chemical engineer creates new products, including: Cosmetics, foods, pharmaceuticals, beverages, and cleaners from raw chemicals. This is a very broad engineering degree and allows for a number of different forms of employment. It is also one of the most challenging degrees available.

These were some of the courses available to students after 10th and 12th. Let your talents and interests determine your path for the best possible career – a choice you’ll have to make from near limitless career opportunities.
-By Samiksha Suhas Bhovad
B.Sc. (Botany & Zoology)
pc: google

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